What is Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD)

GORD is a chronic digestive disease that occurs when the stomach acid, or stomach contents, flow back onto the oesophagus. This flow back is referred to as reflux and it can cause irritation of the oesophagus. Symptoms of GORD include heartburn, regurgitation, and nausea. Unfortunately, recurrent reflux of acidic stomach contents onto the oesophagus can lead to complications including, oesophagitis, oesophageal ulcers, Barrett's oesophagus, throat and laryngeal inflammation, cough, asthma and oesophageal cancer.



The reflux of acid in GORD can induce the stimulation of nerve fibres in the oesophagus which manifests as a burning pain in the middle of the chest that may even extend up into the neck or to the back. It is more common after meals when the stomach is full of food and also when a patient lies down due to the lack of gravity holding stomach contents down.


Treatment of GORD

Treatment of GORD includes lifestyle changes, drug treatment, and surgery

1. Lifestyle changes


2. Drug treatment


Additional points to consider